New Delhi: According to news agency IANS, a possible case of the monkeypox virus has been discovered in the Uttar Pradesh district of Aurraiya (July 26, 2022). The King George’s Medical University in Lucknow has received the samples from the suspected patient, a woman from the Bidhuna tehsil, for additional testing. IANS reported that for the previous week, the woman had been experiencing fever and other symptoms resembling monkeypox. She, however, has no recent travel experience.
“These samples have been forwarded to KGMU, Lucknow, for analysis in light of the symptoms of a potential monkeypox case. The woman was given guidelines for safety at home “Superintendent Dr. Siddharth Verma was quoted by IANS as saying.
The woman was receiving treatment from a private doctor, he said, and on Sunday, when she did not get relief, she proceeded to buy medication from a former medical officer on the bypass route.
If verified, this will be India’s fourth incidence of the monkeypox virus and the first instance in Uttar Pradesh. Three cases of monkeypox were previously reported in Kerala, whereas only one case was discovered in the nation’s capital.
Monkeypox virus now a global emergency
After receiving reports of more than 16,000 cases and five fatalities from 75 different countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared monkeypox a worldwide public health emergency of international concern on July 23. The international authority for health urged states to cooperate closely with groups of men who have sex with other males and to take steps to safeguard their health, human rights, and dignity.
“We currently have an outbreak that satisfies the requirements of the International Health Regulations and has rapidly expanded throughout the world via new mechanisms of transmission. All of these factors have led me to the conclusion that the global monkeypox outbreak is a public health emergency of concern on a global scale “Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director-general of the WHO, stated.
The WHO designation of a “public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC)” is intended to launch a coordinated global response and may make financing available for cooperation on the sharing of vaccinations and medications.
“According to the WHO, the risk of monkeypox is moderate worldwide and in all regions, with the exception of Europe, where we rank the risk as high. Although the risk of interfering with international traffic is currently limited, there is still an obvious risk of further international spread “Tedros threw in.
The WHO chief also said that, for the moment, this is an outbreak that is concentrated among men who have sex with men, especially those with multiple sexual partners.
“That means that this is an outbreak that can be stopped with the right strategies in the right groups,” he said.
What is monkeypox disease?
The monkeypox virus is the infection that causes monkeypox. It is a virus that can zoonotically infect people and spread from animals. It may also pass from one individual to another.
Because it was first discovered in 1958 in colonies of monkeys held for research, the illness is sometimes known as monkeypox. In 1970, it was subsequently found in humans.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
The World Health Organization states that monkeypox can result in a variety of signs and symptoms. While some people only experience minor symptoms, others may experience more severe symptoms and require medical attention. Monkeypox is most frequently characterised by fever, headache, muscle aches, back discomfort, lack of energy, and swollen lymph nodes. A rash that can continue for two to three weeks develops as a result of or in conjunction with this.
The face, palms of the hands, soles of the feet, eyes, mouth, throat, groyne, and genital and/or anal parts of the body can all be affected by the rash. Lesions can number anywhere from one to thousands. Lesions start out flat, fill with liquid, then crust over, dry out, and fall off, revealing a new layer of skin beneath.
Symptoms normally last two to three weeks and disappear on their own or with supportive treatment, such as fever-relieving drugs or painkillers. Until all lesions have crusted over, all scabs have fallen off, and a fresh layer of skin has developed underneath, a person is still contagious.
Pregnant women, children, and those with impaired immune systems are at higher risk for serious illness or complications.
How does monkeypox virus spread?
Close contact with someone who has a monkeypox rash, such as through face-to-face, skin-to-skin, mouth-to-mouth, or mouth-to-skin contact, including sexual contact, can spread the monkeypox virus from person to person. Someone who touches surfaces, objects, devices, or clothing that has been touched by an infectious individual may later contract the disease. Additionally, it is possible to contract a virus from clothing, bedding, or towels, or from breathing in skin flakes.
In addition to direct mouth-to-mouth contact, respiratory droplets, and perhaps short-range aerosols, the virus can also spread through touch.
In addition, skin-to-skin contact between newborns can spread monkeypox, as can intimate contact between a parent with the illness and their young kid.
How can you protect yourself against monkeypox disease?
By avoiding direct contact with people or animals that may be afflicted with the disease, you can lessen your risk of contracting monkeypox.
Clean and disinfect all areas that may have come into contact with the monkeypox virus from a frequent infuser.
How are monkeypox cases treated?
People who have monkey pox should heed their doctor’s instructions. The majority of the time, symptoms go away on their own without the need for treatment, however some symptoms can be relieved by analgesics and antipyretics, according to the WHO.
Anyone suffering from monkeypox should drink enough of fluids, eat healthfully, and get plenty of rest.
Additionally, those with monkeypox should refrain from scratching their rashes, take care of them by washing their hands before and after coming in contact with lesions, and keep their skin dry and uncovered (unless they are unavoidably in a room with someone else, in which case they should cover it with clothing or a bandage until they are able to isolate again).
With sterilised water or an antiseptic, the rash can be kept clean. Mouth lesions can be treated with saltwater rinses, while body lesions can be treated with warm Epsom salt and baking soda baths. Pain relief from oral and perianal lesions is possible with lidocaine application.
The European Medicines Agency authorised tecovirimat, an antiviral originally created to treat smallpox, in January 2022 to treat monkeypox.
Can children get monkeypox?
If a child comes into close touch with a person who is exhibiting symptoms, they too could contract monkeypox. However, the latest outbreak has included a small number of children who have monkeypox.