No Smoking Day: Quitting smoking is not difficult !

No Smoking- No Tobacco Day is celebrated annually on the second Wednesday in March. The purpose of celebrating this day is to encourage people to quit smoking.

First of all, the good news is that between 2007 and 2019, the number of smokers fell from 22.7% to 17.5% according to the world average. This means that the number of smokers has decreased by approximately 23% in 12 years (No Smoking).

Additionally, the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) has shown that more than 60% of smokers want to quit. About 40% are smokers who tried to quit 12 months ago, but most people are still unable to quit.

Why is it so hard to quit smoking?

Nicotine is a very dangerous drug. According to a study published in the WHO report, it was said that a quarter of teenagers become addicted to it only after smoking 3 or 4 cigarettes. On the other hand, if after five packs, 60% of people become addicted to cigarettes and for this reason only 4% are able to quit smoking without any external detoxification effort.

Light smoking, heavy smoking is as harmful ?

“I only smoke 2-3 cigarettes…” You know a lot of people who say that. Shocking information came out after research from Columbia University. People who smoke “lightly”, that is to say, who smoke five cigarettes or less per day. Their lung function is as low as that of those who smoke more than 30 cigarettes a day. The study concluded that a light smoker would cause lung damage in one year, a heavy smoker would achieve this damage in just 9 months.

How many harmful chemicals in a cigarette

The average smoker takes 10 puffs in 5 minutes. A person who smokes 25 cigarettes a day will receive 250 doses of nicotine. Nicotine is one of the toxic chemicals found in cigarettes. Along with nicotine, approximately 7000 chemicals are released. Of these chemicals, 69 are carcinogenic.

Diseases caused by tobacco consumption

major contributors to serious illnesses such as cancer, heart disease (CVD), diabetes, chronic lung disease, stroke, infertility, blindness, tuberculosis (TB). Tobacco is also the cause of 50% of cancers in men and 20% in women. Apart from this, tuberculosis is also the cause in 40% of cases.

Will this happen to you as soon as you quit smoking (No Smoking) ?

• 8 hours: Oxygen level returns to normal.
• 24 hours: The risk of heart attack begins to decrease.
• 72 hours: Improves lung function.
• 1 to 9 months: cough and shortness of breath decrease.
• 12 months: The risk of heart disease is half that of smokers.
• 5 years: The risk of stroke is reduced.
• 10 years: The risk of lung cancer is less than half that of smokers.
• 15 years: The risk of heart disease is the same as that of a person who has never smoked.
Source: NTCP

How much does tobacco weigh on your pocket?

In 2011, the economic cost of tobacco use for people aged 35 to 69 was Rs.1,04,500 crore. Meanwhile, due to the price of tobacco and the GST tax, this cost surely exceeded 2 lakh crores.
(Source – NTCP)

How smokers are assessed

How many people between the ages of 13 and 15 across the country use tobacco, it is assessed by a survey called GYTS. This survey is conducted by the Ministry of Family Welfare (Mohfw), Government of India with the assistance of the International Institute of Population Science. So far, 4 GYTS surveys have been conducted in the years 2003, 2006, 2009, 2019.

Let’s say what the survey of the year 2019 says –

Moderate reduction in tobacco dependence in adolescents
current survey shows that in the age group of 13 to 15 years where 8.1 percent of teenagers smoked. At the same time, the number of teenagers who smoked after 10 years decreased slightly. The number of teenagers who smoked in 2019 fell to 7.2%. Contrary to estimates, there is only a slight difference between a smoking boy and a girl. Boys who smoke represent 8.3%, while among girls, this percentage is 6.2%. One in five smokers also tries to quit (21%).

38% of male smokers nationwide

But if we talk about adults, then the NFHS-5 survey shows that the percentage of women who use tobacco in the age group above 15 years is 8.9. If we talk about men, 38% of men use tobacco. Tobacco use is more present in the villages (42.7%) than in the cities (28.8%).

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